Food

Quail are omnivores and will enjoy as varied of a diet as they can get. They will eat most things that a chicken will eat, as long as it’s small enough for them to get in their beaks. I am currently feeding mine 100% store bought food with the intent to lower that as much as I can through alternative feeds.

quail-feeder

Water

There are many different options for providing your birds with water. Each one has its own set of pros and cons. From bowls and crocks to automated systems pretty much any method that you can use for chickens can be adapted for quail.

I went with these watering cups. They do a good job at keeping things dry and the animals with a constant supply of fresh water. They can be disassembled and the O-rings can be replaced if needed. One word of caution, if you have hard water put a sediment filter in line with your system to prevent the cups from becoming clogged, happened to me once.

 

Also, these cups aren’t supposed to “fill up” and the birds will never “learn” to hit the yellow doohickey to add more water to the cup. Instead the bird will try to get the last bit of water out of the cup, and accidentally hit the doohickey, causing more water to enter the cup. At first I thought the birds were too stupid to figure it out and I didn’t think they would work. Turns out they work, just not in the way I had thought.

Light

Quail need at least 12-14 hours of light a day to lay eggs. Not much light is needed. One 15 watt compact florescent bulb in my garage provides more than enough to keep them laying.